Columbia, MD Overview

Nearly 90,000 residents already call the community of Columbia home, enjoying a unique lifestyle in this 14,000-acre cluster of distinctive villages.  Columbia provides a self-contained community with social and cultural centers, employment possibilities, quality education, thousands of acres of open space, and abundant opportunities for recreation. More than 80 miles of pathways, indoor and outdoor swimming pools, a horse center, a sports park, golf courses, tennis courts, and ice rink, sports fields and courts, and athletic clubs are just a few of the amenities.  Columbia is home to half of the county’s businesses and approximately one-third of its population.  Howard County General Hospital, the resources associated with Howard County Community College, and Columbia Mall serve the entire region.  Newcomers can choose from an abundance of housing styles in all price ranges with equally varied settings that include hillsides, wooded valleys, and lakefronts.


Population Growth (since 2000) 11%
Population Density (ppl / mile) 3,277.00
Household Size (ppl) 2.495
Households w/ Children 30%

Housing Stability

Annual Residential Turnover 0%
5+ Years in Residency 32%
Median Year in Residency 3.23

Housing Inventory

Columbia, MD Housing Inventory 27,792 1,690 13,946 27,792 1,690 13,946

Market Overview

301 listings with an estimated median price of $385,000

Price Count
$0 - 100K 1
$100K - 200K 27
$200K - 300K 53
$300K - 400K 84
$400K - 500K 45
$500K - 600K 30
$600K - 700K 21
$700K - 800K 14
$800K - 900K 4
$1M - Max 22
Property Type Count
Single Family 114
Townhouse 133
Condo 48
Commercial 1
Rental 19
Lots and Land 5

(Data as of 10/21/2021)

Population Demographics

The population of the community broken down by age group. The numbers at the top of each bar indicate the number of people in the age bracket below.

Columbia, MD Population Demographics

Total: 104,629


Median Age: 39.62

Climate and Weather

The Temperature chart displays average high and low values for January and July, and is designed to provide an indication of both seasonal and daily temperature variability. The Weather Risk Index indicates the calculated risk of each type of weather event occurring in the future. This risk is based on historical localized storm events and weather patterns. The national average for each type of weather event equals a score of 100, so a score of 200 would represent twice the risk as the national average, and a score of 50 would represent half the risk of the national average.

Temperature (degrees F)

Columbia, MD Temperature

Weather Risk

Columbia, MD Weather Risk


The Community Educational Index chart is based on the U.S. Census Bureau's Socioeconomic Status (SES) elements. Factors used in creating the index below are income, educational achievement, and occupation of persons within the selected ZIP code. Since this index is based on the population of an entire Zip code, it may not reflect the nature of an individual school.

Education Climate Index

Columbia, MD Education Climate Index

Highest Education Level Attained

Columbia, MD Highest Education Level Attained 10,939 3,655 8,625 1,584 1,322 22,651 22,517 10,939 3,655 8,625 1,584 1,322 22,651 22,517

Employment and Finance


Columbia, MD Workforce

Income by dollar range (Median Income: $103,331)

Columbia, MD Income by dollar range 1,260 1,106 835 692 741 1,096 890 818 1,119 1,930 3,864 5,792 5,447 4,473 7,289 2,454 1,053 879

Fair Market Rents

The Fair Market Rents show average gross rent estimates based on figures provided by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD).

One Bedroom
Two Bedroom
Three Bedroom
Four Bedroom

Smoking Ban

The Smoking Ban data indicates whether an area has a smoking ban in place for workplaces, restaurants or bars. This information represents that of the search area and may not reflect that of the whole County or State.



The Crime Index compares the risk or probability of future occurrence of certain types of crime in this community as compared to the national average. The national average for each type of crime equals a score of 1.0, so a score of 2.0 would represent twice the risk as the national average, and a score of 0.50 would represent half the risk of the national average.

Columbia, MD Crime

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