Total Area 42,769 square miles
Land Area 39,598 square miles
Water Area 3,171 square miles
Coastline 112 miles
Shoreline 3,315 miles
Topography Mountain and valley region in the west, rolling piedmont plateau, and tidewater or coastal plain
Area Codes 276, 434, 540, 571, 703, and 804
Statehood June 25, 1788
State Capital Richmond
State Motto Sic Semper Tyrannis (Thus Always to Tyrants)
State Song “Carry Me Back to Old Virginia”
State Bird Cardinal
State Tree Dogwood (cornus florida)
State Flower Flowering Dogwood
State Nickname The Old Dominion
•Metropolitan Richmond boasts a growing population that exceeds one million. The region offers a quality labor force from more than 40 localities.
•The diverse economy in Greater Richmond includes Fortune 1000 headquarters as well as leading-edge pharmaceutical, chemical, biotech, semiconductor, and other advanced product manufacturers. Other highly visible companies and organizations include the Fifth District Federal Reserve, the Fourth Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals, Virginia state government offices, information technology and financial services, prestigious hospitals and medical centers, and institutions of higher education.
•Richmond International Airport handles nearly 2.7 million passengers and more than 142 million pounds of cargo each year and is served by six passenger airlines and five dedicated air cargo airlines.
•The telecommunications infrastructure is state-of-the-art with an extensive fiber optic network and digital switching capability.
•Greater Richmond offers the cosmopolitan atmosphere and cultural and recreational opportunities of a major metropolitan area. Yet, the region has little traffic congestion with the added convenience of an average 24-minute commute.
•The region’s exceptional quality of life is a leading factor in the encouragement of continued economic growth. Companies are quick to recognize the ease of attracting and retaining quality employees.
Richmond has a moderate climate marked by long, beautiful springs filled with bright blooms and an extended autumn that creates colorful landscapes. Temperatures rarely drop below 60 degrees F between April and October. July and August are the two rainiest months, each averaging about five inches of precipitation. Summers tend to be humid. Temperatures can reach highs of 90 degrees. December, January and February are the coldest months, with average highs of 50 degrees F and lows of about 30 degrees F. Greater Richmond usually sees one large snowstorm and a few sprinklings of snow in the early part of the year. However, warm spells are just as likely. New Year’s Day can be ideal for a game of golf!